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Expert Pearls

Mortality (cardiovascular disease) - fiber, fruit - 50613

Fiber intake was associated with a reduction in overall mortality in high risk CVD patients and fruit intake was associated with a reduction in CVD mortality. [Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Dec;100(6):1498-507. 50613 (1/2015)] Interview PubMed

Mortality (from cardiovascular disease) - Cholesterol

Cholesterol lowering may not lower mortality. [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2006 Sep;16(6):387-90. Epub 2006 Jul 26. 45469 (3/2007)] Summary Interview

Mortality (from cardiovascular disease) - Exercise

Exercise reduces mortality. There is no "threshold" level at which the benefits from physical exercise in terms of reduced mortality become apparent. Any exercise is better than no exercise, and more exercise is better than a little exercise. Moderate improvements in fitness -- particularly among those who are least fit, bring substantial reductions in mortality. In order to achieve "moderate improvements," exercise two to three times a week for 20 to 30 minutes at a level where sweating and shortness of breath occur. [The Lancet, September 5, 1998;352:759-762. 30688 (1999)] Summary Interview

Mortality (from cardiovascular disease) - Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean diet has been shown to reduce cardiac and overall mortality. [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2006 Sep;16(6):387-90. Epub 2006 Jul 26. 45469 (3/2007)] Summary Interview

Mortality (from cardiovascular disease) - Mediterranean diet - 2

Mediterranean diet has been shown to reduce cardiac and overall mortality. [ NEJM, June 26, 2003;348:2599-2608. 40654 (2003)] Summary Interview

Mortality (from cardiovascular disease) - nuts - 50759

The risk of death was 26% lower among men consuming nuts 5+ times per week compared to men consuming nuts <1 time/month. The inverse relation between nut consumption and death was observed mainly for cardiovascular deaths and not for cancer deaths. Regular consumption of 28 to 45 grams (1-1 ½ ounces, palm full) of tree nuts, if non-allergic, along with a healthful dietary pattern, is health promoting. Consumption should be with unsalted nuts in subjects at cardiovascular risk. [Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Feb;101(2):407-12. 50759 (6/2015)] Interview PubMed
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