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ja_mageia

Expert Pearls
Letter "H"
Categories beginning with "H"

Halitosis

HDL Cholesterol (elevating)

Headache

Headache (sleep disorder)

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)

Heart Failure

Heart Rate Variability (HRV)

Helicobacter Pylori

Hemodialysis

Hepatic Detoxification

Hepatic Fibrosis

Hepatic Hepatitis

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease)

Hepatitis (Viral)

Hepatitis C

Hepatoxicity

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasias

Hirsutism

HIV

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia

Hospitalization

Hyperactivity

Hyperbilirubinemia

Hyperparathyroidism

Hypertension

Hypertension (ocular)

Hypertriglyceridemia (see triglyceride lowering)

Hypothyroidism

 

Entries beginning with "H"

Halitosis (bad breath) - Green tea powder

Green tea powder 675 mg/d poured on the tongue and allowed to dissolve in saliva, and then naturally swallowed. [J Nutr Sci Vitaminol, 2008;54(1):89-94. 46357 (06-13-08)] ltt Summary

Halitosis - korea red ginseng - 47477

Korea red ginseng 300 mg three times daily with H. Pylori eradication. [Digestion, 2009;80(3):192-199. 47477 (11/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Halitosis - magnolia bark extract, zinc lactate - 51020

Zinc lactate and Magnolia Bark extract (MBE) at 2 tablets daily with each tablet containing 0.17 mg of zinc per tablet (0.34 mg of elemental zinc daily) and .84 mg of MBE (1.68 mg MBE daily) reduced volatile sulphur-containing compounds (VSCC) statistically and significantly over two hours which may reduce halitosis (bad breath). [J Clin Dent. 2014;25(3):53-6. 51020 (11/2015)] Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - alpha lipoic acid - 47306

Alpha lipoic acid 400 mg/d. [Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 2009;21(2):198. 47306 (10/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - amla - 46846

Amla (Emblica Officinalis Extract, Amlamax) at 500-1000 mg/d at bedtime with food. [Indian J Clin Biochem, 2008; 23(4): 378-381. 46846 (2/2009)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - anthocyanins - 47395

Anthocyanins 160 mg b.i.d. [Am J Clin Nutr, 2009;90(3):485-92. 47395 (11/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - apoa5 - diet - fat - gene - 50143

Diet – high fat diet (40%) may be more effective in raising HDL cholesterol in those with the gene polymorphism APOA5 rs964184 with the G allele than those who don’t. [Am J Clin Nutr, 2012 Oct; 96(4):917-22. Epub 2012 Aug 22. 50143 (11/2012)] Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - berries - 46352

Berries 1 cup/d (black currants, bilberries, lingonberries and chokeberries, a small amounts of strawberries and raspberries). [Am J Clin Nutr, 2008 Feb;87(2):323-31. 46352 (3/2008)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - combination therapy - 46916

Combination Therapy - Niaspan® 500-1500 mg/d at dinner-time; EPA + DHA mean dose of 1440 mg/d in a divided dose with breakfast and dinner; vitamin D 3590 IU/d (25-hydroxy vitamin D of 50-60 nag/ml) in gel cap form; and the American Heart Association Step II diet with 30% of calories from fat, ≤7% from saturated fat either stopped or reversed calcium scores. The goal was to get LDL < 60, HDL > 60 and triglycerides < 60 with the above approach. There was marked improvement in this program with the addition of vitamin D. [Am J Ther, 2008 Dec 15; [Epub ahead of print]. 46916 (3/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - egg yolks - 47554

Egg yolks 2-4/d increased HDL. [Am J Clin Nutr, 2009; 90(5): 1272-9. 47554 (12/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - garlic - 45121

Garlic - one enteric-coated garlic powder tablet (equal to 400 mg garlic, 1 mg allicin) twice daily with meals. [Lipids Health Dis, 2007 Mar 1; [Epub ahead of print]. 45121 (5/2007)] Summary

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - green tea, pomegranate, vitamin c - 47602

PomGT tablet  (pomegranate extract (500 mg), green tea extract (300 mg) and vitamin C (60 mg) per tablet) 1 capsule 2 hours after dinner. [J Endocrinol Invest, 2009 Oct 15; (DOI: 10.3275/6564 ) [Epub ahead of print] 47602 (01/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - kale juice - 46391

Kale juice -150 mL of pure kale juice given in a single dose away from meals, equivalent to 167 gm of fresh kale which is approximately 5 servings of vegetables, lowered LDL cholesterol and increased HDL cholesterol, serum selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity. [Biomed Environ Sci, 2008;21(2):91-7. 46391 (11/2008)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - macadamia nuts - 40452

Macadamia nuts 40-90 gm/d (12-26 nuts or 40 gm = 1/3rd cup and 90 gm = 2/3rd cup). [J Nutr, 2003;133:1060-1063. 40452 (2003)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - niacin (niaspan®) - 31515

Niacin (Niaspan®) intermediate-sustained release (eight to 12 hours) at bedtime: 375 mg in week one; 500 mg in week two; 750 mg in week three; and 1500 mg in week four. [Am J Cardiol, December 17, 1998; 82(12A): 24U-28U. 31515 (1999)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - niacin - 40452

Niacin: Day 1 0.25 gm after lunch, 0.5 gm after dinner and 0.5 gm at night. Day 2 0.25 gm after breakfast, 0.5 gm after lunch, 0.5 gm after dinner and 1gm at night. Day 3 0.25 gm after breakfast, 0.5 gm after lunch, 1gm after dinner and 1gm at night. Day 4 1 gm q.i.d., taken immediately after meals and at bedtime. Niacin therapy: Fibrinogen is lowered by 15%; raises HDL-C by 20- 40%; HDL2-C, the large HDL particle is raised by up to 100%; a negligible effect on smaller HDL3; LDL-C is lowered by 15-30%;small, dense LDL particles are significantly lowered; triglycerides are lowered by 15-40%; and Lp(a) decreases10-40%. [J Intern Med. 2005 Aug;258(2):94-114. 43553 (01/2005)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - pistachio nuts - 32246B/32246

Pistachio nuts (monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) comprise 67 percent of total fat in pistachios; high in vitamin E and fiber) substituting 20 percent of the daily caloric intake instead of high saturated fat foods reduced total cholesterol and increased HDL cholesterol. [J Am Coll Nutr, 1999;18(3):229-232. 32246B/32246 (1999)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - red yeast rice - 47484

Red yeast rice in 300 mg capsules, 2 capsules two times daily away from meals. [Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2009;18(3):310-7. 47484 (12/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - royal Jelly - 23823

Royal Jelly (67% water, 12% protein, 12% carbohydrate, 5% fat, 1% minerals and about 2% other substances, i.e. vitamins, nucleic acids and other not yet analyzed chemical compounds) 50-100 mg/d orally or 10-100 mg by injection. [Experientia, 1995; 51:927-935. 23823 (1995)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - sesame oil - 48437

Sesame oil 35 grams per day with a fatty acid breakdown of 15.23g of linoleic acid (omega-6)/35g of oil and 14.42g of oleic acid (MUFA)/35g of oil. [Clin Nutr, 2010 Dec 15; [Epub ahead of print]. 48437 (4/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - soy protein - 42786

Soy protein containing 80 mg/d isoflavones (foods containing approximately 40 mg of isoflavones include 2 cups of soy milk, 120 g of uncooked tofu, 20g of soy flour or soy protein isolate, 75 g of uncooked tempeh, half cup of uncooked green soybeans, or 20 g of roasted or mature soybeans). [Am J Clin Nutr, 2005;81;397-408. 42786 (04/2005)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - vitamin c - 20548

Vitamin C in plasma directly related to HDL cholesterol. Vitamin C from diet 150-250 mg may increase HDL levels. [Am J Clin Nutr, 1994;60:100-105. 20548 (1995)] Summary Interview

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - vitamin c - 20548

Vitamin C 500 mg/d or more. [Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 2008; 7(2): 48-58. 46339 (061108)] ltt Summary

HDL Cholesterol (elevating) - vitamin e - 35165

Vitamin E 200 mg/d - 400 mg/d (D,L-α-tocopherol) reduced HDL and LDL oxidation but increased small atherogenic LDL particles. [Atherosclerosis, 2000;150:129-134. 35165 (2000)] Summary Interview

Headache (sleep disorder) - Melatonin

Melatonin may help headaches related to sleep disorders. [Developmental Medicine Child Neurology, 2004;46:776-782. 42513 (02/2005)] Summary Interview

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - antioxidant - 35497

Antioxidants (CoQ10, alpha lipoic acid, acetyl-L-carnitine, glutathione) and diet restriction may benefit age-related hearing loss. [Laryngoscope, May, 2000;110:727-738. 35497 (2001)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - antioxidants - 35497

Antioxidants (CoQ10, alpha lipoic acid, acetyl-L-carnitine, glutathione) and diet restriction may benefit age-related hearing loss. [Laryngoscope, May, 2000;110:727-738. 35497] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - bed rest, prednisone, magnesium, vitamin e - 41055

Bed rest, prednisone 1 mg/kg/d, carbogen (95% oxygen plus 5% carbon dioxide by mask) for 30 minutes, 4 times a day and magnesium 4 gm/d I.V. and vitamin E 400 mg P.O. b.i.d. (Sudden Idiopathic Hearing Loss: SIHL). [Otology Neurotology, 2003;24:572-575. 41055 (2004)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - coenzyme q10 - 43467

Coenzyme Q10 75 mg b.i.d. (mitochondrial 7445A→G mutation). [Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 2005;125:510-512. 43467 (8/2005)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - coenzyme q10 - 47990

Coenzyme Q10 160 mg q.d. (Q-TER®) with food. [Acta Otolaryngol. 2010 May 5; [Epub ahead of print]. 47990 (7/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) - coenzyme q10 - 48405

Q-TER 160 mg, a multicomposite water-soluble formulation of CoQ10 once a day in sachets taken with or away from meals. [Acta Otolaryngol, 2010 Dec 16; [Epub ahead ofprint]. 48405 (2/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hearing Loss - fish - 50602

Two or more servings of fish per week resulted in a 20% lower risk of hearing loss. Eating any type of fish (tuna, dark fish, light fish or shellfish) tended to be associated with lower risk. A higher intake of long-chain omega-3 PUFAs was inversely associated with risk. [Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Nov;100(5):1371-7. 50602 (12/2014)] Interview PubMed

Heart Failure - Arginine

Arginine 15-20 gm/d (approximate dosage). [Amino Acids, 2000;18:199-206. 35909 (2000)] Summary

Heart Failure - atherosclerosis, statin - 51028

Statins - The epidemic of atherosclerosis and heart failure may be exacerbated by the widespread use of statins to lower cholesterol by inhibiting vitamin K2 synthesis which effects coronary calcification and testosterone production which is cardioprotective; decreasing selenoprotein production reduces antioxidant enzymes thereby increasing peroxidative damage to heart tissue; inhibiting coenzyme Q10 production thereby acting as a mitochondrial toxin which reduces energy production in heart tissue; and inhibits Heme A biosynthesis which also effects electron transport and energy production. [Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2015 Mar;8(2):189-99. 51028 (10/2015)] Interview PubMed

Heart Failure - Beta-carotene

Beta-carotene 50 mg/d. [Internat J Cardiol, 1996;57:119-127. 26369 (1997)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - Carnitine

Carnitine (L-) 3 gm/d. [Cardiovas Drugs Ther, 1999;13:537-546. 35944 (1999)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - Carnitine - 2

Carnitine (L-) 2250 mg/d combined with ubiquinol 270 mg/d divided into 3 capsules t.i.d. after meals and with fatty foods. [Acta Cardiol, 2007; 62(4): 349-54. 45731 (12/2007)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (myocyte energy production) 100 mg t.i.d.. [Heart Lung Circ, 2003;12(Suppl):S55-S62. 42239 (3/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Coenzyme Q10 - 2

Coenzyme Q10 50 mg b.i.d.-t.i.d.. [J Card Fail 2006 Aug;12(6):464-72. 44565/ 45278 (12/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Coenzyme Q10 - 3

Coenzyme Q10 100-300 mg/d (average 240 mg/d) with meals in split doses. 300-600 mg per day may be used to keep CoQ10 levels 3.5 ug/ml or above. [BioFactors, 2005; 25(1-4): 147-152. 44581 (6/2007)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Coenzyme Q10 - 4

Coenzyme Q10 100 mg/d, hawthorn 150 mg t.i.d. and magnesium chelate 150 mg/d. [Explore (NY), 2006; 2(4): 339-41. 45246 (8/2007)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - coenzyme q10 - ubiquinol - 47878

Coenzyme Q10 450 - 900 mg/d (ubiquinol) in divided doses with meals. [Biofactors, 2008;32(1-4:119-28. 47878 (9/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Heart failure - Exercise training

Exercise training - two phases: 1) exercise 3 x week for 8 weeks at 60% of the peak oxygen uptake; 2) 12-month maintenance program of the same intensity but with only two sessions a week. Each session is 1 hour, beginning with a warm-up phase of stretching exercises followed by 40 minutes of cycling on a stationary cycle ergometer. [Circulation, 1999;99:1173-1182. 31836 (1999)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Fish Oil

Fish Oil 1-8 gm/d (EPA + DHA); EPA 1.8 gm/d + DHA 1.2 gm/d (improves endothelial function). [Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil, 2004 Aug;11(4): 267-74. 42230/44924 (9/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Hawthorn extract

Hawthorn extract 180 to 900 mg/d in devided doses with meals for 4 to 12 weeks provides probable benefit via an inotropic effect (standardized extracts are best such as WS1442 from Schwabe, Germany) [Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008; Issue 1, Art. No.: CD005312. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005312.pub2. 45999 (4/2008)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Hawthorn extract - 2

Hawthorn extract (Special Extract WS 1442) 450 mg (dry extract) b.i.d.. [Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Aug;11 Suppl 1:36-9. 43692 (10/2005)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - magnesium - 47104

Magnesium citrate at 300 mg/d P.O. [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2009 Feb 6; [Epub ahead of print]. 47104 (6/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Heart failure - Magnesium citrate

Magnesium citrate 300 mg/d in single or divided dose with or away from meals lowered CRP in congestive heart failure patients. [Eur J Nutr, 2007 May 3; [Epub ahead of print]. 45307 (7/2007)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Micronutrient supplement

Micronutrient supplement 4/d (total: calcium 250 mg, magnesium 150 mg, zinc 15 mg, copper 1.2 mg, selenium 50 ug, vitamin A 800 ug, vitamin B1 200 mg, riboflavin 2 mg, vitamin B6 200 mg, folic acid 5 mg, vitamin B12 200 ug, vitamin C 500 mg, vitamin E 400 mg, vitamin D 10 ug and coenzyme Q10 150 mg per day). [Eur Heart J, 2005 Nov;26(21):2238-44. Epub 2005 Aug 4. 43599, 43658/44884 (5/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Micronutrients

Micronutrients (review of propionyl-L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10, nicotinamide, riboflavin and pantothenic acid, taurine, arginine, antioxidants, copper, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, testosterone, exercise, fruit and vegetables). [Heart Fail Rev, 2006 Mar;11(1):65-74. 43599, 43658/45188 (9/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Selenium

Selenium 100 mcg/d. [Heart Fail Rev, 2006 Mar;11(1):13-7. 43599/45183 (11/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Testosterone

Testosterone 5mg/d transdermal patch. [Eur Heart J, 2006; 27(1): 57-64. 44051/44567 (4/2006)] Summary Interview

Heart Failure - vitamin b1 - 30309

Thiamine (vitamin B1) at 10-20 mg/d as a prophylactic preventive dose in heart failure. Supplementation for different types of deficiency conditions range 5 mg/d to 200 mg three times per day. Loop diuretics can lead to thiamine deficiency and increase risk to heart failure. Carnitine, CoQ10, magnesium orotate, selenium and fish oil have shown some benefit in heart failure. Excess salt restriction, ≤ 1.8 grams per day, may increase the risk to heart failure compared to normal intakes of 2.8 grams per day. Thiamine supplementation is safe and patients with heart failure may improve cardiac function, urine output, weight loss, and signs and symptoms of heart failure. [Congest Heart Fail, 2013 Jul-Aug;19(4):214-22. 30309 (3/2014)] Interview PubMed

Heart failure - Vitamin C

Vitamin C 2 mg/d improved endothelial function. [Circulation, 1998;97:363-368. 29230/29224 (1998)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Vitamin C - 2

Vitamin C 250 mg/d. [Internat J Cardiol, 1996;57:119-127. 26369 (1997)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Vitamin D

Vitamin D is low in heart failure. Patients should be assessed for 25 hydroxyvitamin D. [J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2008 August 5; [Epub ahead of print]. 46572 (9/2008)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Vitamin D - 2

Vitamin D is low in heart failure. Patients should be assessed for 25 hydroxyvitamin D. [Am Coll Cardiol, 2003;41(1):105-112. 40230 (2003)] Summary Interview

Heart failure - Vitamin E

Vitamin E 400 mg/d (reduced oxidative stress). [Internat J Cardiol, 1996;57: 119-127. 26369 (1997)] Summary Interview

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) - fish oil - 24470

Fish oil 5.2 gms/d increased HRV in post-MI patients. [BMJ, 1996;312:677-678. 24470 (1996)] Summary Interview

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) - magnesium citrate - 47104

Magnesium citrate at 300 mg/d P.O. [Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 2009 Feb 6; [Epub ahead of print]. 47104 (6/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) - sudden death / ventricular arrhythmias - 24470

HRV is a measurement of the autonomic control of the heart. An increased vagal activity is reflected in an increased HRV reducing risk to sudden death via ventricular arrhythmias. Sympathetic overactivity decreases HRV increasing the risk to sudden death and ventricular arrhythmias. [BMJ, 1996;312:677-678. 24470 (1996)] Summary Interview

Helicobacter Pylori - cranberry juice - 45464

Cranberry juice cocktail 250 ml b.i.d. after meals with triple therapy (omeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin) for 1 week then the cranberry alone improved irradication results in women only. [Mol Nutr Food Res, 2007; 51(6): 746-51. 45464 (9/2007)] Summary Interview PubMed

Helicobacter Pylori - korea red ginseng - 47477

Korea red ginseng 300 mg three times daily with H. Pylori eradication. [Digestion, 2009;80(3):192-199. 47477 (11/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Helicobacter Pylori - vitamin C - 31926

Vitamin C 5 gm/d (30% eradication in 4 weeks). [Eur J Cancer Prevention 1998; 7:449-454. 31926 (1999)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hemodialysis - Carnitine

Carnitine (L-) 3 gm/d. [Cardiovas Drugs Ther, 1999;13:537-546. 35944 (1999)] Summary Interview

Hemodialysis - folic acid, methylcobalamin - 47962

Folic acid 15 mg orally per day and intravenous methylcobalamin 500 mcg in hemodialysis patients. [Am J Kidney Dis, 2010 Apr 27; [Epub ahead of print]. 47962 (09/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hemodialysis - omega-3 fatty acids - 49170

Omega-3 fatty acids in a single daily dose of 2.4 g of omega-3 fatty acids (1800 mg eicosapentaenoic acid + 600 mg docosahexaenoic acid) after hemodialysis treatment away from meals and 30 ml of Proteinex 18 (18 grams of protein), a hydrolyzed collagen containing essential amino acids, by mouth after each dialysis three times per week. [Vasc Health Risk Manag; 2012; 8:187-95. 49170 (5/2012)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hepatic Detoxification - Vitamin E

Vitamin E may be of benefit. [Gastroenterol Clin N Am, December, 1995;24(4): 787-810. 24262 (1997)] Summary Interview

Hepatic Fibrosis - Zinc

Zinc (polaprezinc) 34 mg/day (elemental zinc) in 2 tablets after meals significantly reduced levels of type IV collagen and the activity of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1). [Hepatol Res, 2007; 37(6): 405-9. 45370 (8/2007)] Summary Interview

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcholic fatty liver disease) - docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), algae schyzochitrium - 48467

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from the algae Schyzochitrium at 250 mg or 500 mg per day. [Arch Dis Child, 2011, Jan 12; [Epub ahead of print]. 48467 (3/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) - Antioxidants

Antioxidants (glutathione, β-carotene, vitamins E and C, N-acetylcystiene) and reduction of obesity. [J. Investigat Med, December 2004;52(8):506-514. 42725 (04/2005)] Summary Interview

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) - Betaine

Betaine 20 mg/d in divided doses. [Am J Gastroenterol, 2003;98(11):2485-2490. 41351 (2004)] Summary Interview

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) - Eicosapentaeonoic Acid

Eicosapentaeonoic Acid (EPA) 356 mg/d and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) 594 mg/d. [Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2006 Apr 15;23 (8):1143-51. 44282/44872 (7/2006)] Summary Interview

Hepatic Steatosis (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) - Vitamin C

Vitamin C 1000 mg/d and vitamin E 1000 mg/d. [Am J Gastroenterol, 2003;98 (11):2485-2490. 41351 (2004)] Summary Interview

Hepatitis C - Glycyrrhizin I.V.

Glycyrrhizin I.V. with an average dose of 100 mL 3 times a week (usual dose: 40ml to 100ml once daily, 3-5 times a week) reduced the incidence of HCC from interferon resistant hepatitis C patients. [Hepatol Res, 2007 Sept;37 Suppl 2:S287-93. 46248 (8/2008)] Summary Interview

Hepatitis C - Vitamin K2

Vitamin K2 45 mg/d reduced the incidence of hepatic carcinoma in patients with viral cirrhosis. [Hepatol Res. 2007 Sep;37 Suppl 2:S303-7. 46249 (4/2008)] Summary Interview

Hepatitis C - Vitamin K2 - 2

Vitamin K2 45 mg/d reduced the incidence of hepatic carcinoma in patients with viral cirrhosis. [JAMA, July 21, 2004;292 (3):358-361. 41865 (10/2004)] Summary Interview

Hepatitis C - Zinc

Zinc (polaprezinc) 150 mg/d (33.9 mg elemental zinc) in two divided doses after breakfast and before bed along with vitamin C 600 mg/d and vitamin E 300 mg/d, and, combination therapy with pegylated interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin decreased serum ALT levels to within the normal range, decreased plasma TBARS and prevented a decrease in PUFA on the erythrocyte membrane indicating that polaprezinc had induced antioxidative functions in the liver resulting in reduced hepatocyte injury. [J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo), 2007; 53(3): 213-8. 45690 (1/2008)] Summary Interview

Hepatitis C - Zinc sulphate

Zinc sulphate 300 mg/d in chronic hepatitis C on a-interferon therapy. [Biol Trace Element Res, 1997;58:65-76. 28702 (1998)] Summary Interview

Hepatoxicity - Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis - vitamin A intake about 400 x 106 IU/d; non-cirrhotic portal hypertension - 150 x 106 IU/d; 20 x 106 IU/d the lowest dose observed to induced liver damage. [Am J Med, April 1995;98(4) 424. 22235 (1995)] Summary Interview

Hepatoxicity - Lipoic acid

Lipoic acid (thioctic acid) I.V. reversed hepatic necrosis from acute Amanita poisoning. [New Mexico Supplement To The Western Journal of Medline, May 1995:162(5);2. 29872, 33497, 33817, 34827/23950 (1996)] Summary Interview

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasias - n-acetylcysteine - 47360

N-acetylcysteine 600 mg t.i.d. with or without meals with epitaxis. [Rhinology, 2009 Mar;47(1):85-8. 47360 (12/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Hirsutism - Spearmint tea

Spearmint tea - A cup of spearmint tea (steeped with M. Spicata) twice a day for 5 days during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, showed after 5 days a significant decrease in free testosterone levels. [Phytother Res, 2007 Feb 20; [Epub ahead of print]. 45091 (5/2007)] Summary

HIV - Omega-6 fatty acids

Omega-6 fatty acids - avoid oxidized omega-6 fatty acids. [Am J Clin Nutr, 2006; 83(5):1193-8. 44292 (6/2006)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - okinawan vegetable - 50145

Vegetables - 169 grams of 371 grams of delivered fresh Okinawan vegetables (Goya (Momordica charantia), green papaya (Carica papaya), Handama (Gynura bicolor), Karashina (Brassica juncea), Njana (Crepidiastrum lanceolatium), Fuchiba (Artemisia vulgaris) and Fudanso (Beta vulgaris)) consumed daily increased circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and were inversely related to homocysteine and lipids, but positively correlated with both urinary potassium and magnesium excretion and an increase in serum folic acid. Atherosclerosis, 2009 Jun;204(2): 544-8. Epub 2008 Oct 11. 50145 (12/2012)] Interview PubMed

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Carnitine

Carnitine (L-) I.V. at 20 mg/kg/d over 2-3 minutes after end of every hemodialysis treatment session. [Indian J Med Sci, 200; 60(4):143-53. 44507 (10/2006)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Carnitine - 2

Carnitine (L-) 3 gm/d in hemodialysis patients. [Cardiovas Drugs Ther, 1999;13: 537-546. 35944 (1999)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Folic acid

Folic acid 5 mg/d and vitamin B6 250 mg/d. [Eur J Clin Investig, 1995;25:176-181. 34426/22112 (1996)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Folic acid - 2

Folic acid 2.5 mg/d, pyridoxine 25 mg/d and vitamin B12 250 mcg/d regressed plaque in hypertensives and hyperhomocysteinemics. [The Lancet, January 4, 1998;351:263-264. 29156 (1998)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Folic acid - 3

Folic acid 400 µg/d and vitamin B12 400 mcg/d (18 percent, homocysteine fell from 8.12 µmol/l to 6.59 µmol/l). [Am J Clin Nutr, 1998;68:1104-10. 31018 (1999)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Folic acid - 4

Folic acid .4 - 2 mg/d, vitamin B6 10 - 25 mg/d and vitamin B12 100 - 500 ug/d. [NEJ M, February 2, 1995;332(5):328-329. 21740 (1996)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - folic acid, methylcobalamin - 47962

Folic acid 15 mg orally per day and intravenous methylcobalamin 500 mcg in hemodialysis patients. [Am J Kidney Dis, 2010 Apr 27; [Epub ahead of print]. 47962 (09/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - folic acid, vitamin b6, vitamin b12 - 48248

B Vitamins folic acid 0.8 mg/d, vitamin B12 0.5 mg/d and vitamin B6 20 mg/d. [PLoS One, 2010;5(9):e12244. 48248 (11/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Homocysteine levels

Homocysteine levels > 10 µmol/l - associated with cardiovascular disease, complications in pregnancy and cognitive function. [Am J Clin Nutr, 1998;68:1104-10. 31018 (1999)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Hyperhomocysteinemia

Hyperhomocysteinemia treated with folic acid 1 mg/d, vitamin B-6 10 mg/d and vitamin B12 12 ug/d; an additional 30% non-fasting homocysteine reduction occurs in non-fasting hemodialysis patients with the addition of folic acid 15 mg/d, vitamin B-6 100 mg/d and vitamin B12 1 mg/day. [Kidney International, 1996;49:147-152. 24342 (1996)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Hyperhomocysteinemia - 2

Hyperhomocysteinemia has been associated with placental abruption and infarction, and recurrent pregnancy loss. [Placenta 1999;20:519-529. 32996 (1999)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Myocardial infarction, stroke, intermittent claudication /carotid artery atherosclerosis

Risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke, intermittent claudication and preclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis. [NEJ M, February 2, 1995;332 (5):328-329. 21740 (1996)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - N-acetylcysteine

N-acetylcysteine was given IV(50 mg/kg) or possibly 1800-2000 mg/d P.O.. [Pharmacological Research, May,1999;110:727-738. 35594/35497 (2001)] Summary Interview

Homocysteinemia/Homocystinuria/Hyperhomocysteinemia - Obstetric/gynecologic disorders

Obstetric/gynecologic disorders associated with elevated homocysteine - cervical dysplasia; eclampsia/preclampsia; fetal growth retardation; neural tube defects; ovarian cancers; recurrent spontaneous abortions. [Hum Repro Update 1999;5(4):64-72. 32725 (1999)] Summary Interview

Hospitalization - Diet

Diet - 4 of 57 teaching hospitals met all 7 of the U.S. public health services dietary recommendations. [NEJM, November 7, 1996;1466-1467. 26073 (2000)] Summary Interview
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