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ja_mageia

Expert Pearls
Letter "T"
Categories beginning with "T"

Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Thalassemia

Thromboembolism

Thyroiditis

Tinnitus

Toxicity

Trans Fatty acids

Transplantation (renal)

Trauma

Triglycerides (lowering)

Tuberculosis (Mycobacteria)

 

Entries beginning with "T"

Testosterone Replacement Therapy - Testosterone

Testosterone does not cause prostate cancer. [Eur Urol, 2006 Nov;50(5):935-9. Epub 2006 Jul 27. 45529 (3/2007)] Summary Interview

Thalassemia - L-carnitine

L-carnitine at 50 mg/kg/d orally in three divided doses ½ before meals. [Ann Hematol, 2007 Jan;86(1):31-4. Epub 2006 Oct 10. 44625, 44787/45753 (5/2007)] Summary Interview

Thalassemia - zinc- 49722

Zinc sulfate providing 25 mg of elemental zinc taken in a single dose with or without meals by Thalassemia patients showed increases in total body bone mass. The zinc supplement was well-tolerated.

[Am J Clin Nutr, 2013 Aug 14; [Epub ahead of print]. 49722 (9/2013)] Summary Interview PubMed

Thromboembolism - Alpha-linolenic acid

Alpha-linolenic acid rich diets - moderate ALA diet (canola and canola oil-based margarine) or a high ALA diet (linseed oil and linseed-oil based margarine) increased EPA and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and total omega-3 PUFA levels and the omega-3/omega-6 ratio was significantly increased, while the arachidonic acid (AA)/EPA ratio decreased. [Am J Clin Nutr, 1999;69:872-882. 32119 (1999)] Summary Interview

Thromboembolism - Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 concentrations between 336.2 and 512 pmol/L was 2.82 and between 230.9 and 336.1 pmol/L was 4.72. [J Intern Med. 2005 Sep;258(3):244-9. 43644/44004 (1/2006)] Summary Interview

Thyroiditis - Pernicious anemia

Pernicious anemia is common in autoimmune thyroid disease. [Am J Med Sci; 2006; 332(3):119-22. 45530 (12/2007)] Summary Interview

Thyroiditis - Selenium

Selenium (selenomethionine) 200 mcg/d. [J Endocrinol, 2006 Jul;190(1):151-6. 45193 (1/2007] Summary Interview

Thyroiditis - Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in autoimmune thyroid disease. [Am J Med Sci; 2006; 332(3):119-22. 45530 (12/2007)] Summary Interview

Tinnitus - Ginkgo biloba extract

Ginkgo biloba extract 120-200 mg/d possible benefit. [Clin Otolaryngol 1999; 24:164-167. 32969 (1999)] Summary Interview

Toxicity - chemicals, green tea - 49596

Green Tea - 1 cup (3 g/300 ml water) of freshly prepared green tea once daily consumed by chemical laboratory workers showed a significant reduction in saliva GPx activity and an increase in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) indicating a reduction in oxidative stress. Green tea is a rational dietary supplement to reduce risk to chemical exposure in chemical laboratory workers. [Toxicol Ind Health, 2013 April 10; [Epub ahead of print]. 49596 (5/2103)] Summary Interview PubMed

Trans Fatty acids - Trans fat

Trans fat reduction by reducing commercially deep-fried food; use a margarine that is trans fatty acid free; avoid partially hydrogenated vegetable oils or "vegetable shortening" as ingredients; avoid confectionary foods if fatty acids not mentioned. [Am J Clin Nutr, 1997;66(Suppl.):1006S-1010S. 28289 (1998)] Summary Interview

Transplantation (renal) - Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 30 mg t.i.d.. [Intern Urol Nephrol, 2004;36:253-258. 42607 (02/2005)] Summary Interview

Trauma - Ascorbic acid

Ascorbic acid at 1,000 mg PO/PT q 8 hours; α-tocopherol 1,000 IU PO/PT q 8 hours; selenium 200 mcg IV q.d.. in trauma patients upon admission for 7 days. [Parenter Enteral Nutr, 2008;32(4): 384-8. 46434 (8/2008)] Summary Interview

Trauma - Glutamine

Glutamine 20-30 gm/d P.O. or I.V. for catabolic state. [J Nutr, 2001:2569S-2577S. 38827 (2003)] Summary Interview

Trauma - Synbiotic 2000

Synbiotic 2000 (a mixture of selected strains and oligosaccharides as prebiotic ingredients; Pediacoccus pentoseceus 5-33:3, Lactococcus raffinolactis 32-77:1, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp paracasei 19, Lactobacillus plantarum 2362 and the fibers: beta glucan, inulin, pectin) 1 sachet dissolved in 100 ml of lukewarm water and is given through a gastric tube every morning before feeding started. [JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr, 2007;31(2):119-26. 45241 (7/2007)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - amla - 46846

Amla (Emblica Officinalis Extract, Amlamax) at 500-1000 mg/d at bedtime with food. [Indian J Clin Biochem, 2008; 23(4): 378-381. 46846 (2/2009)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - carob fiber - polyphenols - 47793

Four grams of carob fiber containing 84% insoluble polyphenols (Exxenterol®; www.pulevabiotech.es) given twice with meals. [Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 2010 Jan 22; [Epub ahead of print]. 47793 (4/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - combination therapy - 46916

Combination Therapy - Niaspan® 500-1500 mg/d at dinner-time; EPA + DHA mean dose of 1440 mg/d in a divided dose with breakfast and dinner; vitamin D 3590 IU/d (25-hydroxy vitamin D of 50-60 nag/ml) in gel cap form; and the American Heart Association Step II diet with 30% of calories from fat, ≤7% from saturated fat either stopped or reversed calcium scores. The goal was to get LDL < 60, HDL > 60 and triglycerides < 60 with the above approach. There was marked improvement in this program with the addition of vitamin D. [Am J Ther, 2008 Dec 15; [Epub ahead of print]. 46916 (3/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - curcumin - 49352

Curcumin in a 150 mg capsule 30 minutes after breakfast and another 30 minutes after supper significantly decreased fasting blood glucose, the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), serum total FFAs and triglycerides while increasing LPL activity. No side effects were noted. [Nutr Food Res, 2012 Aug 29; [Epub ahead of print]. 49352 (10/2012)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - curcumin - 49354

Curcuminoids 1 gram per day (along with absorption enhancer piperine) significantly reduced serum triglycerides but there was no change in other lipids. [Phytother Res, 2012 May 21; [Epub ahead of print]. 49354 (11/2012)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - docosahexaenoic acid (dha), algae schyzochitrium - 48467

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from the algae Schyzochitrium at 250 mg or 500 mg per day. [Arch Dis Child, 2011, Jan 12; [Epub ahead of print]. 48467 (3/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - docosahexaenoic acid - 45177

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in 8 gms of tuna oil (2.16 gms DHA) lowered triglycerides 27% in statin users. [Lipids, 2007; 42(2): 109-15. 45177 (6/2007)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - eicosapentaenoic acid - 35828

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) 2.4 gm + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) 1.6 gm per day. [Am J Clin Nutr, 2000;72:389-394. 35828 (2000)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - fish oil - 33191

Fish oil 4 to 10 gm/day. [Lipids 1999;(3E supplement):S271-272. 33191 (2000)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - flaxseed - 44228

Flaxseed (ground) 2 tablespoons per day [Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi, 2005; 109(3):502-506. 44228 (9/2006)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - garlic - 45121

Garlic - one enteric-coated garlic powder tablet (equal to 400 mg garlic, 1 mg allicin) twice daily with meals. [Lipids Health Dis, 2007 Mar 1; [Epub ahead of print]. 45121 (5/2007)] Summary

Triglycerides (lowering) - niacin - 43553

Niacin: Day 1 0.25 gm after lunch, 0.5 gm after dinner and 0.5 gm at night. Day 2 0.25 gm after breakfast, 0.5 gm after lunch, 0.5 gm after dinner and 1gm at night. Day 3 0.25 gm after breakfast, 0.5 gm after lunch, 1gm after dinner and 1gm at night. Day 4 1 gm q.i.d., taken immediately after meals and at bedtime. Niacin therapy: Fibrinogen is lowered by 15%; raises HDL-C by 20-40%; HDL2-C, the large HDL particle is raised by up to 100%; a negligible effect on smaller HDL3; LDL-C is lowered by 15-30%; small, dense LDL particles are significantly lowered; triglycerides are lowered by 15-40%; and Lp(a) decreases10-40%. [J Intern Med. 2005 Aug;258(2):94-114. 43553 (01/2005)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - omega-3 fatty acids - 24131

Omega-3 fatty acids 4 gm/d (EPA/DHA) reduced by 0.28 mmol/L more than the controls. [Annals of Internal Medicine, December,1995;123(12):911-918. 24131 (1996)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - omega-3 fatty acids - 47890

Two grams per day of purified EPA and DHA (not less than 85%) in a 1:1 ratio given as 1 gram with the two main meals. [Clin Exp Hypertens, 2010; 32(2): 137-44. 47890 (5/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - omega-3 faty acids - 47890

Omega-3 fatty acids in 1000 mg capsules with at least 85% EPA/DHA (approximately 400 mg from EPA and 450 mg from DHA) per capsule twice daily with meals. [Clin Exp Hypertens, 2010;32(2):137-44. 47890 (7/2011)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - protein - 46326

Protein (30% soy protein, 35% textured soy protein and 35% animal protein) .8 mg/kg/d. [Diabetes Care, 2008; 31(4): 648-54. 46326 (8/2008)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - red yeast rice - 47484

Red yeast rice in 300 mg capsules, 2 capsules two times daily away from meals. [Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2009;18(3):310-7. 47484 (12/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - sea buckthorn - 49723

Sea Buckthorn dried berries at 20 grams/d, which is equal to about 100 g of fresh berries; sea buckthorn oil at 4 grams/d, taken as 8 capsules; sea buckthorn phenolic ethanol extract at 14.6 grams/d (7.3 g sea buckthorn extract + 7.3 g maltodextrin); and 100 grams/d of frozen bilberries all had no effect on blood sugar but the Sea Buckthorn oil lowered total cholesterol and LDL; Sea Buckthorn berries lowered triglycerides; bilberries lowered lipids in the high-risk group but increased triglycerides in the lower risk group; and sea buckthorn phenolic ethanol extract increased triglycerides. No side effects were noted.

[Am J Clin Nutr, 2013 Aug 14; [Epub ahead of print]. 49723 (9/2013)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - soy protein - 42786

Soy protein containing 80 mg/d isoflavones (foods containing approximately 40 mg of isoflavones include 2 cups of soy milk, 120 g of uncooked tofu, 20g of soy flour or soy protein isolate, 75 g of uncooked tempeh, half cup of uncooked green soybeans, or 20 g of roasted or mature soybeans). [Am J Clin Nutr, 2005;81;397-408. 42786 (04/2005)] Summary Interview

Triglycerides (lowering) - strawberries - 49831

Strawberries equaling 500 mg, or approximately 2 cups, were consumed daily for 15 days and significantly reduced total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides levels (-8.78%, -13.72% and -20.80%, respectively) while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol remained unchanged. Strawberry supplementation also significantly decreased serum malondialdehyde, urinary 8-OHdG and isoprostanes levels (-31.40%, -29.67%, -27.90%, respectively). A significant increase in plasma total antioxidant capacity was observed after strawberry consumption. Spontaneous and oxidative hemolysis were also significantly reduced (-31.7% and -39.03%, respectively). Strawberry intake also significantly decreased the number of activated platelets. Strawberries consumption improved plasma lipid profiles, biomarkers of antioxidant status, antihemolytic defenses and platelet function in these healthy subjects. [J Nutr Biochem, 2013 Nov 27; [Epub ahead of print]. 49831 (4/2014)] Summary Interview PubMed

Triglycerides (lowering) - vitamin C - 46339

Vitamin C 500 mg/d or more. [Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 2008; 7(2): 48-58. 46339 (061108)] ltt Summary

Tuberculosis (Mycobacteria) - Vitamin D2

Vitamin D2 2.5 mg or 100,000IU in a single dose inhibited the growth of TB-like bacteria in TB contacts significantly more than the blood of those who had received placebo. [Am J Respir Critical Care Med, 2007;176(2): 208-13. 45746 (3/20008)] Summary Interview
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