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Expert Pearls
Letter "U"
Categories beginning with "U"

Ulcer (duodenal)

Ulcer (gastric - helicobacter pylori)

Ulcer (pressure)

Ulcerative Colitis

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)

Uric Acid

Urinary Tract Infection

Urticaria (chronic)


Entries beginning with "U"

Ulcer (duodenal) - Exercise

Exercise - moderate or higher amounts of leisure-time physical activity reduced risk by approximately 50% in males (active, those who walked or ran 10 miles or more a week; moderately active, those who walked or ran less than 10 miles a week or did another regular activity. [West J Med, August 2000;173:101-107. 35844 (2000)] Summary Interview

Ulcer (duodenal) - Fatty acids

Fatty acids - Gamma linolenic acid (GLA, n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, n-3) in the ratio of 50:50 (n-6 vs n-3) may be of benefit. [Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty acids, 1998;58(5):377-380. 30774 (1999)] Summary Interview

Ulcer (gastric - helicobacter pylori) - Cranberry juice

Cranberry juice cocktail 250 ml b.i.d. after meals with triple therapy (omeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin ) for 1 week then the cranberry alone improved irradication results in women only. [Mol Nutr Food Res, 2007; 51(6): 746-51. 45464 (9/2007)] Summary Interview

Ulcer (pressure) - enteral formula - 47295

Enteral formula enriched with protein (20% of the total calories[casein and whey protein]), arginine 10 grams, zinc 27 mg and vitamin C 500 mg. [J Am Geriatr Soc, 2009 June 25; [Epub ahead of print]. 47295 (8/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Ulcerative Colitis - Bromelain

Bromelain 2 tablets with each meal. [Ann Int Med, April 18, 1999;132(8):680. 34595 (2000)] Summary Interview

Ulcerative Colitis - fatigue, vitamin b1 - 50512

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) between 600 mg/day (60 kg = 132 lbs) to 1,500 mg/day (90 kg = 198 lbs) taken orally in patients with Crohn’s Disease or Ulcerative Colitis with normal blood levels of thiamine and thiamine pyrophosphate showed regression of fatigue. Too much thiamine can cause a reversible tachycardia and sleep disturbance. [Altern Complement Med. 2013 Aug;19(8):704-8. 50512] Interview PubMed

Ulcerative Colitis - Food intolerance/ Elimination diet

Food intolerance and an elimination diet. [South African Family Practice, 1995;393-399.][South African Medical Journal, 1995;1176-1179. (1996)]

Ulcerative Colitis - Phosphatidylcholine

Phosphatidylcholine (PC) 2 gm/d slow release q.i.d. before meals. [Ann Intern Med. 2007 Nov 6;147(9):603-10. 46041 (1/2008)] Summary

Ulcerative Colitis - vitamin d - 50283

Vitamin D deficiency was significantly more prevalent in patients with active ulcerative colitis compared with inactive disease (68% vs 32%) and vitamin D deficient patients were more likely to be prescribed steroids than those with sufficient levels (47% vs 7%). Vitamin D levels; 30 ng/ml were considered sufficient; 20-30 ng/ml insufficient; and 20 ng/ml deficient. [Dig Dis Sci, 2013 Jun;58(6):1698-702. 50283 (2/2014)] Interview PubMed

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) - vitamin c - 48142

Vitamin C 500 mg B.I.D. away from meals. [Eur J Pediatr, 2010 August 6; [Epub ahead of print]. 48142 (10/2010)] Summary Interview PubMed

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) - zinc gluconate - 49358

Zinc gluconate 10 mg per day. [Clin Nutr, 2012 Aug 31; [Epub ahead of print]. 49358 (11/2012)] Summary Interview PubMed

Uric Acid - Vitamin C

Vitamin C intake was inversely associated in a dose-response fashion with serum uric acid concentrations and a lower likelihood of having hyperuricemia up to levels of 400-500 mg/day of vitamin C. [J Rheumatol, 2008 May 1; [Epub ahead of print]. 46286 (7/2008)] Summary Interview

Urinary Tract Infection - Cranberry

Cranberry extract (Cran-Max™) 500 mg in evening reduced recurrent UTIs. [J Antimicrob Chemother, 2008 Nov 28; [Epub ahead of print]. 46903 (3/2009)] Summary Interview PubMed

Urinary Tract Infection - Cranberry juice

Cranberry juice 200-500 mL daily for 1 to 6 months. [Clin Infectious Dis, May 15, 2004;38:1413-1419. 41864B/41864 (09/2004)] Summary Interview

Urinary Tract Infection - cranberry juice - 49044

Ocean Spray Cranberry Classic at 5 ml/kg/day up to 300 ml/day in one or two doses with meals reduced the number of UTI recurrences and time on antimicrobials. No side effects were noted. Compliance was not optimal. Consuming the juice with a straw may improve compliance. Cranberry juice proanthocyanidins may work by inhibiting the attachment of E. coli (bacteria) to the uroepithelium; may inhibit E. coli from forming biofilms in bladder uroepithelium' or may alter gut flora positively. [Clin Infect Dis, 2012 Feb;54(3):340-6. 49044 (3/2012)] Summary Interview PubMed

Urinary Tract Infection - Estriol

Estriol 0.5 gm b.i.w. as a vaginal estriol cream x 8 months in patients with recurrent UTIs. [Infect Dis Clin Pract, 1999;8:64-66. 32504 (1999)] Summary Interview

Urinary Tract Infection - Lactobacillus acidophilus

Lactobacillus acidophilus 2 billion viable organisms b.i.d. for a month (pediatric recurrent UTIs). [Clin Pediatr, Jan/Feb 2004, 43(1):95-98. 41367 (2004)] Summary Interview

Urticaria (chronic) - Helicobacter Pylori infection

Helicobacter Pylori infection. [ACTA Dermatologica Vernol (Stockh), 1995;75: 484-487. 24651 (1996)] Summary Interview

Urticaria (chronic) - limination diet

Pseudoallergen-free elimination diet excluding artificial food additives and naturally occurring pseudoallergens (i.e. salicylates and parahyroxibenzoic acid); tests to exclude type I allergy; and stool exams for parasites and candida. [ACTA Dermatologica Vernol (Stockh), 1995;75:484-487. 24651 (1996)] Summary Interview

Uveitis - melatonin - 50244

Melatonin in animal and in vitro (not humans) models exhibits both antioxidant and anti-nitridergic properties which have shown benefit in treating both glaucoma and uveitis. Recent research supports that melatonin alone, or combined with an ocular hypotensive therapy, should be considered as a new therapeutic option, particularly for the treatment of glaucoma.

[ J Pineal Res, 2010 Aug;49(1):1-13. 50244 (9/2013)] Interview PubMed

Uveitis - Vitamin C

Vitamin C 500 mg b.i.d. and vitamin E 100 mg b.i.d.. [Br J Ophthalmol November 1999;83:(11):1277-1282. 34100 (2000)] Summary Interview
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